Archive for the ‘Research (Writings)’ Category

False Protagonists

May 23, 2010

In fiction, a false protagonist is a technique for making a scene more jarring or a character more memorable by fooling the audience’s preconceptions regarding who the story is really about. It involves presenting a character at the start of the fictional work as the main character, but then generally disposing of this character, usually by killing him or her – but sometimes just by changing their role (i.e. making them a lesser character, a character who (for reasons other than death) leaves the story, or revealing them to actually be the antagonist).




May 23, 2010

In fiction, an antihero (sometimes ‘antiheroine’ as feminine) is generally considered to be a protagonist whose character is at least in some regards conspicuously contrary to that of the archetypalhero, and is in some instances its antithesis. Some consider the word’s meaning to be sufficiently broad as to additionally encompass the antagonist who (in contrast to the archetypal villain) elicits considerable sympathy or admiration.

Influenced by the pulps, early comic books featured anti-heroic characters such as Batman (whose shadowy nature contrasted with their openly “heroic” peers like Superman) and Sub-Mariner (who would just as soon conquer humanity as try to save it). Marvel’s most prolific anti-hero is perhaps The Punisher, who is more than willing to kill those who he views as deserving of death.

Other examples of anti-heroes: Conan (Conan the Barbarian), Gollum (Lord of the Rings), Macbeth, Hannibal Lecter, Tyler (Fight Club)


Byronic Heroes

May 23, 2010

“an idealised but flawed character

The Byronic hero typically exhibits several of the following characteristics:

  • a strong sense of arrogance
  • high level of intelligence and perception
  • cunning and able to adapt
  • suffering from an unnamed crime
  • a troubled past
  • sophisticated and educated
  • self-critical and introspective
  • mysterious, magnetic and charismatic
  • struggling with integrity
  • power of seduction and sexual attraction
  • social and sexual dominance
  • emotional conflicts, bipolar tendencies, or moodiness
  • a distaste for social institutions and norms
  • being an exile, an outcast, or an outlaw
  • “dark” attributes not normally associated with a hero
  • disrespect of rank and privilege
  • jaded, world-weary
  • cynicism
  • self-destructive behaviour


Photographer commits suicide after taking this photo

May 23, 2010

Just found this rather interesting as a kind of battle between good and evil. There was a policy which said the photographer could not help the child. There has been much discussion about whether he should have helped the child and gone against policy or whether it was not his place to go against policy and help her.

The discussion on this photo is very interesting and surprisingly two-sided…

May 2, 2010

On Being God – Beyond Your Life’s Purpose

May 2, 2010
In the book, On Being God – Beyond Your Life’s Purpose, we are told that:
“We are the good that we love, the evil we hate, the darkness we fear, the light that gives hope. We are all things, people, places we imagine or cannot imagine. We are all thoughts and forms and are endowed with power to create the good we cherish or the evil we despise in this existence. We are the beauty that loves and the ugliness that hates. We are the then, the now, and the yet to be simultaneously in a never-ending, timeless sea of infinite life.”
We are all of it. That is what eternal existence is. Anything is possible, but none of it is good or evil. It just is, and no supreme judge tells us on what side of the line our acts and behaviors fall.

May 2, 2010
Please forgive my lack of specificity. My question is; As you understand things, are there any absolutes? For instance, are some actions inherently good or evil?
I don’t think a case can be made that Plato’s famous question, “What is the good?” is a valid question. Richard Robinson discussed this question in detail in the opening pages of his 1964 book An Atheist’s Values. This book is so important to undestanding the the trap you’re trying to lay here, a trap that a great many Evangelical Christians have themselves fallen into, that I took the time to convert this book to eText and post it in our website’s We cannot, he argues, isolate something from its environment and determine if it is intrinsically good or intrinsically evil; good and evil only make sense when seen in relationship to something. It needs a context, in other words.
Instead, he argues, it is better to speak of good and evil choices. Since any good choice will result in some evil for someone, somewhere, the best approach is for me to make choices that result in the lowest overall evil — even if choosing the best overall good results in evil for myself. Seeking minimum evil is better than seeking maximum good, because it eliminates the problem of hedonism.

Notes from Raymond de Souza, Good or Evil Who Decides

May 2, 2010
the nature of the devil and evil
-the bible, teachings of jesus christ
-always believed in an evil agent throughout mankind, all history and cultures
-contemporary growth of satanism
-excorcism , what is being expelled from the person?
agnostics – a good and evil god. one creates spiritual matter one creates material matter
free will for persons (human and angels) unlike animals who only act on instinct.
we are free to choose between good and evil. everything an animal does is good as it is
just doing what is supposed to do.
lucifer chose his free will to choose evil, revolt, disorder, ugliness
all things are good natured but it can be corrupted
demon= evil spirit, fallen angel
devil= liar, tempts us with sin
satan= the adversary
wrath (physical and mental), greed (mental), sloth (physical), pride (mental), lust
(physical), envy (mental), and gluttony (physical).
The Roman Catholic Church also recognizes Seven virtues, which correspond inversely to
each of the seven deadly sins.
Vice ->  Virtue
Lust ->Chastity
Gluttony -> Temperance
thy will be done vs. my will be done


May 2, 2010
Friedrich Nietzsche
“Be careful when casting out the devil for it might be the best part of you.”
“In truth, there was only one Christian, and he died on the cross.”
“What is good? All that heightens the feeling of power in man, the will to power, power itself. What is bad? All that is born of weakness. What is happiness? The feeling that power is growing, that resistance is overcome.”
“The Christian resolution to find the world ugly and bad has made the world ugly and bad.”
“You say it is the good cause that hallows even war? I say unto you: it is the good war that hallows any cause.”
“Life — the way it really is — is a battle not between bad and good but between bad and worse.” Joseph Brodsky
“All that is required for evil to prevail is for good men to do nothing.” Edmund Burke
“The good ended happily, and the bad unhappily. That is what Fiction means.” Oscar Wilde The Importance of Being Earnest
What can we know? What are we all? Poor silly half-brained things peering out at the infinite, with the aspirations of angels and the instincts of beasts. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle The Stark Munro Letters
The whole gamut of good and evil is in every human being, certain notes, from stronger original quality or most frequent use, appearing to form the whole character; but they are only the tones most often heard. The whole scale is in every soul, and the notes most seldom heard will on rare occasions make themselves audible.
FANNY KEMBLE, Further Records, Feb. 12, 1875
Evil is always possible. And goodness is eternally difficult.
ANNE RICE, Interview with the Vampire
The belief that there is only one truth and that oneself is in possession of it seems to me the deepest root of all evil that is in the world.
MAX BORN, as quoted in Judith Sherven’s The New Intimacy
Nature, in her indifference, makes no distinction between good and evil.
ANATOLE FRANCE, The Revolt of the Angels
As long as what you are afraid of is something evil, you may still hope that the good may come to your rescue. But suppose you struggle through to the good and find that it also is dreadful? How if food itself turns out to be the very thing you can’t eat, and home the very place you can’t live, and your very comforter the person who makes you uncomfortable? Then, indeed, there is no rescue possible: the last card has been played.
C.S. LEWIS, Perelandra
Men never do evil so completely and cheerfully as when they do it from a religious conviction.
BLAISE PASCAL, quoted in The International Thesaurus of Quotations
Success is the sole earthly judge of right and wrong.
Adolf Hitler
The Qu’ran
… if any one slew a person … it would be as if he slew the whole people; and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he had saved the life of the whole people …

God vs. Satan in film and TV and some colour theory

March 13, 2010

The movie, Constantine, deals with a battle between heaven and hell where God and Satan have made a wager for the souls of mankind.

The movie, Hercules, involves a battle between the “good” Gods in Olympus and the “evil” God, Hades, in the underworld, with humans in the crossfire.

TV series, God the Devil and Bob, is an animated comedy where God is considering putting an end to humanity but has allowed Satan to choose one human to try to prove humanity is worth saving.

Black vs White (sourced from

White, often used to lighten other colors, is the most controversial in terms of symbolism. Meanings vary widely, to the point of being opposites. White is associated with love, purity, innocence and goodness. We think of white as being both safe and clean. Hospitals and doctors come to mind. However, in some cultures it represents death. A white flag means a truce, while a white mask in China signifies fright. It can be used to symbolize a new beginning. We know snow is white and therefore associate the color with coolness. It also elicits a feeling of simplicity. Some consider it the color of perfection. Consider the relationship between black and white, often used to describe opposing ideas. We think of good vs. evil, right vs. wrong, future vs. past, night vs. day, success vs. failure and beginning vs. ending.
Black alone is associated with death, mourning, evil and the night. Black calls to mind a sense of mystery, intrigue and the unknown. It is worn by graduating students, widows and clergy. It also denotes strength, power and authority. Black is associated with elegance and formality – a black tie
event or a little black dress. Black makes other colors stand out, and is considered a slimming color when worn in clothing.